Neurosurgical procedures

Spine surgery

Spine surgery is a surgical procedure of the spine or associated anatomy to treat a spinal condition.

What does spinal surgery involve?

Because causes, symptoms and the nature of a spine condition can vary, a neurosurgeon must tailor a surgical procedure to each patient.

A surgeon can perform surgery the traditional way or use minimally invasive techniques. Minimally invasive techniques involve a smaller incision and special microsurgical instruments. These techniques can shorten recovery time and reduce the risk of complications.

Most patients can begin to move again on the same day as their surgery or the following day. A physiotherapist may review a patient and advise on exercises to help them regain strength and heal.

Sometimes healthcare professionals will design a rehabilitation program to meet a patient’s needs. The goal of back and neck rehabilitation is to help a patient return to their highest level of functioning and independence, and to improve their overall quality of life.

What are the different types of spine surgery?

Some of the most common types of spine surgery include fusion, laminectomy (decompression surgery), discectomy and disc replacement. Depending which part of the spine is affected, these may be performed on the cervical, lumbar or thoracic spine, but most commonly the affected areas are the cervical and lumbar spine.

What conditions does spine surgery treat?

Depending on the cause, level of pain and the person’s circumstances, spine surgery can treat several neurosurgical conditions, such as:

It’s important to remember that surgery isn’t always required to treat spinal conditions. Learn more about how to treat conditions that cause neck pain and back pain.


How to prepare for your neurosurgical appointment.